Last Updated May 27 2023
This map shows many of Russia’s field fortifications in (and around) Ukraine as viewed via satellite imagery accessed from ESA’s Sentinel-2 data. For the full interactive map, click here.
This map should not be seen as a complete list of Russia's fortifications.
The data does not distinguish between barriers, trenches, or other types of fortifications.
Fortifications were only included if they appeared new, in-use or expanded since the full-scale invasion in February of 2022.
Not all of these fortifications are currently manned by Russian personnel.
A map of pre-2022 fortifications inside Russian-occupied territory is available here.